While every couple is different, there are some common causes of infertility problems and fertility issues.
Most Common Infertility Causes:
Below are the top six most common fertility issues:
1. Blocked fallopian tubes are one of the most common fertility issues. A blocked fallopian tube will keep an egg from being fertilized by blocking the sperm. Or if fertilization does occur there is a greater chance of an ectopic pregnancy. (This is when a fertilized egg implants in the fallopian tube and can be fatal if the tube is not removed before it ruptures from the growing embryo. Normally if the ovary is okay and if both tubes are blocked IVF is one treatment option to solve this particular fertility issue.
2. Endometriosis is a major fertility issue for a lot of women. Endometriosis is when the endometrial tissue grows out of hand and attaches to places other than the inside of the uterus. It can attach to the fallopian tubes, causing blockages, or to the ovaries or the outside of the uterus and even in the abdominal wall. Endometriosis, ironically, reverses when pregnancy happens, but it can also hinder pregnancy from occurring. Sometimes the tissue can be surgically removed or treated with hormones to help pregnancy occur. Intra-uterine insemination is used as a treatment or artificial insemination, to help get the sperm closer to the fallopian tubes for fertilization.
3. Ovulation issues can stem from any number of reasons from unbalanced hormones to conditions like PCOS or endometriosis. If an egg isn’t released then fertilization can’t happen. There are hormonal treatments to help bring about ovulation. IVF is another possibility to help bring about a pregnancy.
4. PCOS or polycystic ovarian syndrome effects many women of child-bearing years. Normally it is the lack of a menstrual period that alerts to this condition. Obvious reasons for fertility issues are lack of ovulation and even if ovulation happens, conception may be difficult. Less severe cases of PCOS can be treated with medications. More severe cases can be treated with IVF. Very severe cases can render a woman infertile indefinitely.
5. One fertility issue can be poor egg quality; when the eggs aren’t healthy enough to be fertilized. This type of issue can’t be solved necessarily with medications. When this happens if a woman wants to carry a pregnancy she must use donor eggs.
6. Luteal phase defects are when the time from ovulation to menstruation is too short. In order to sustain a healthy pregnancy this time needs to be at least ten days long. Normal cycles are normally two full weeks. If the time falls below ten days and a pregnancy does happen it could end in early miscarriage. Some refer to these as chemical pregnancies. These may give a positive pregnancy test then a few days later end in miscarriage. The most common cause of a luteal phase defect is low progesterone. When progesterone is deficient it can cause a whole host of other fertility issues. Progesterone is the one hormone in the body that regulates the entire endocrine system. Even issues like thyroid problems will crop up with a progesterone deficiency. This is probably one of the easiest to correct by simply using a progesterone supplement in the form of a trans dermal cream will help to balance the hormones and correct the fertility issues.